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Nginx 常用配置清单

Nginx 是一个高性能的 HTTP 和反向代理 web 服务器,同时也提供了 IMAP/POP3/SMTP 服务,其因丰富的功能集、稳定性、示例配置文件和低系统资源的消耗受到了开发者的欢迎。本文,我们总结了一些常用的 Nginx 配置代码,希望对大家有所帮助。

端口监听

server {
# Standard HTTP Protocol
listen 80;

# Standard HTTPS Protocol
listen 443 ssl;

# For http2
listen 443 ssl http2;

# Listen on 80 using IPv6
listen [::]:80;

# Listen only on using IPv6
listen [::]:80 ipv6only=on;
}

访问日志

server {
# Relative or full path to log file
access_log /path/to/file.log;# Turn 'on' or 'off'
access_log on;
}

域名

server {
  # Listen to yourdomain.com
  server_name yourdomain.com;

  # Listen to multiple domains
  server_name yourdomain.com www.yourdomain.com;

  # Listen to all domains
  server_name *.yourdomain.com;

  # Listen to all top-level domains
  server_name yourdomain.*;

  # Listen to unspecified Hostnames (Listens to IP address itself)
  server_name "";

}

静态资源

server {
  listen 80;
  server_name yourdomain.com;

  location / {
          root /path/to/website;
  } 
}

重定向

server {
  listen 80;
  server_name www.yourdomain.com;
  return 301 http://yourdomain.com$request_uri;
}
server {
  listen 80;
  server_name www.yourdomain.com;

  location /redirect-url {
     return 301 http://otherdomain.com;
  }
}

反向代理

server {
  listen 80;
  server_name yourdomain.com;

  location / {
     proxy_pass http://0.0.0.0:3000;
     # where 0.0.0.0:3000 is your application server (Ex: node.js) bound on 0.0.0.0 listening on port 3000
  }

}

负载均衡

upstream node_js {
  server 0.0.0.0:3000;
  server 0.0.0.0:4000;
  server 123.131.121.122;
}

server {
  listen 80;
  server_name yourdomain.com;

  location / {
     proxy_pass http://node_js;
  }
}

SSL

server {
  listen 443 ssl;
  server_name yourdomain.com;

  ssl on;

  ssl_certificate /path/to/cert.pem;
  ssl_certificate_key /path/to/privatekey.pem;

  ssl_stapling on;
  ssl_stapling_verify on;
  ssl_trusted_certificate /path/to/fullchain.pem;

  ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;
  ssl_session_timeout 1h;
  ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:50m;
  add_header Strict-Transport-Security max-age=15768000;
}

# Permanent Redirect for HTTP to HTTPS
server {
  listen 80;
  server_name yourdomain.com;
  return 301 https://$host$request_uri;
}
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文章名称:《Nginx 常用配置清单》
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